Sarawak is a melting pot of ethnic tribal groups, including the
once-fearsome Headhunters of the Iban tribe and the Bidayuh people.
Many Iban and Bidayuh people still inhabit traditional 'longhouses'
which consist of a wide communal corridor lined with doors leading
to private living quarters housing each family. Sarawak was also
the setting for a curious episode of colonial history - once been
ruled by the Brooke family, known as the 'White Rajahs' - for over
a century prior to Malaysia's independence.
The state of Sarawak is known as 'Land of the Hornbills' in
reference to the many species of beautiful hornbill birds that
inhabit the region. The regal rhinocerous hornbill in particular is
an auspicious emblem for the Iban tribe. Birding aside, the
Semenggok Orangutan Sanctuary provides an opportunity to see the
beautiful, endangered orangutan in close proximity, while the Bako
National Park is home to all manner of wildlife, from the endemic
proboscis monkey, to grey languar, pit vipers and wild boar.
The other feather in Sarawak's beautifully plumed cap is the
Mulu National Park. Mulu is home to the second largest cave in the
world; it held the world's largest title until Vietnam's Hang Son
Doong swiped the title early in the 21st century. Spend days
exploring the caves on foot and by boat, and marvelling at the bats
of Deer Cave - over 3 million exit the cave at dusk daily.