The Sarawak region covers the majority of northern Borneo, until it meets Sabah in the north east. Here you'll enjoy some of Malaysia's richest and oldest culture and can also have truly off the beaten track wildlife encounters with the likes of orangutans, hornbills and proboscis monkeys. The state of Sarawak is known as 'Land of the Hornbills' in reference to the many species of beautiful hornbill birds that inhabit the region. The regal rhinocerous hornbill in particular is an auspicious emblem for the Iban tribe. Birding aside, the Semenggok Orangutan Sanctuary provides an opportunity to see the beautiful,
endangered orangutan in close proximity, while the Bako National Park is home to all manner of wildlife, from the endemic proboscis monkey, to grey languar, pit vipers and wild boar. The other feather in Sarawak's beautifully plumed cap is the Mulu National Park. Mulu is home to the second largest cave in the world; it held the world's largest title until Vietnam's Hang Son Doong swiped the title early in the 21st century. Spend days exploring the caves on foot and by boat, and marvelling at the bats of Deer Cave – over three million exit the cave at dusk daily.
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Sarawak is also a melting pot of ethnic tribal groups, including the once-fearsome Headhunters of the Iban tribe and the Bidayuh people. Many Iban and Bidayuh people still inhabit traditional 'longhouses' which consist of a wide communal corridor lined with doors leading to private living quarters housing each family. Sarawak was also the setting for a curious episode of colonial history – once been ruled by the Brooke family, known as the 'White Rajahs' – for over a century prior to Malaysia's independence.