Transport in Canada is more than merely a means to an end; it’s an integral part of any trip, adding depth and excitement to visiting this remarkable country. Whether it’s traversing bustling city streets on a rumbling tram, embarking on an unforgettable road trip along the Trans-Canada Highway, or appreciating the wonders of this vast nation on an iconic train journey, travellers can choose from a wide range of options that cater to various preferences and budgets. These journeys not only connect travellers to their desired destinations but also provide an opportunity to witness the country’s natural beauty, encounter diverse communities and create lasting memories. Let’s explore the most efficient and enlightening ways to get around and the unique experiences on offer.

By Plane

When it comes to covering long distances quickly, air travel is the go-to option in Canada. With numerous domestic and international airports, flying allows travellers to reach their destinations swiftly. Major cities like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal are well-connected, offering frequent flights to regions across the country. Canada’s national carrier, Air Canada, along with other airlines, provides extensive domestic flight networks, ensuring accessibility to the main tourist hubs as well as the more remote areas. Additionally, regional airlines and charter services offer opportunities to explore Canada’s epic wilderness and far-flung communities.

By Train

For those seeking a scenic and leisurely journey, Canada’s extensive rail network offers a menu of enchanting and iconic, experiences. Via Rail, the country’s national passenger service, connects major cities and towns, allowing travellers to witness the country’s stunning scenery from the comfort of their seats, air-conditioning and dining included. The famous cross-country journey, ‘The Canadian’, takes passengers from Toronto to Vancouver, traversing the majestic Rocky Mountains and the picturesque Prairies. The train’s panoramic windows frame the stunning views, and its sleeper cabins offer a novel and comfortable overnight experience. Other popular routes include ‘The Ocean’, from Montreal to Halifax, which boasts sublime coastal views, and ‘The Skeena’, from Jasper to Prince Rupert, which showcases the beauty of British Columbia. Additionally, regional train services such as Rocky Mountaineer and Agawa Canyon Tour Train offer unique experiences in specific areas.

By Car

Road trips are an excellent way of exploring Canada’s diverse landscape and appreciating its awe-inspiring splendour. The country’s well-maintained highways and scenic byways make road travel a popular choice. Renting a car (or a motorhome) provides the freedom to tailor your itinerary and discover hidden gems along the way. Major car rental companies like Avis, Budget and Enterprise have branches in most cities and airports. The Trans-Canada Highway, stretching over 4,850 miles, offers an epic journey from the Atlantic to the Pacific, passing through stunning national parks, charming towns and iconic landmarks. Other remarkable routes include the Icefields Parkway in Alberta, the Cabot Trail in Nova Scotia and the Sea-to-Sky Highway in British Columbia. It’s important to note that driving in Canada requires familiarity with local traffic laws and weather patterns, and be prepared for long distances between destinations, especially in rural areas.

By Bus

Buses are a cost-effective and convenient mode of transport in Canada. Bussing is often the cheapest way of travelling between cities and can be the only way of getting to smaller towns if you don’t have a car, plus most buses have air conditioning and a toilet on board. Greyhound, the largest intercity bus service, operates routes across the country, and is an excellent option for budget-conscious travellers. Megabus and Red Arrow also offer affordable and comfortable services, particularly in the western provinces. Buses are a popular choice for short to medium-distance travel, providing flexibility and the opportunity to enjoy the scenic beauty en route. However, longer journeys may require transfers and extreme travel times, so plan accordingly.

By Boat

With its extensive coastline and thousands of islands, ferries are an integral mode of transport in Canada. British Columbia, in particular, offers an extensive network of ferry services, connecting the mainland to Vancouver Island and other coastal destinations. BC Ferries is the primary operator, providing both car and passenger services. The journey itself is often a highlight, offering breath-taking views of the surrounding mountains and waterways. In Atlantic Canada, ferries connect various provinces, including Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, providing an alternative mode of transportation and an ideal way to experience the region’s fascinating maritime culture.

By Taxi

All cities and towns in Canada have one or more companies that offer taxi services. Taxi drivers have an official identification card on the dashboard to show that they are licensed. The price is determined by meters that calculate the cost of your trip based on mileage or agreed upfront for a set journey. Tipping is optional but advised, especially if the driver helps you with lots of bags. In addition to calling for or hailing taxis in the street, ride-hailing apps such as Uber and Lyft operate in several cities across the country, offering convenience, flexibility and competitive pricing.

By Public Transport

All cities and most major towns in Canada have a public transportation system with one or more ways to travel, including buses, trains, subways, light rail and streetcars. These vintage-style trams are a pleasant way to explore urban areas, providing a scenic and leisurely ride for both locals and visitors. To use public transport, you must buy a ticket or a transit pass. Transit passes give you unlimited use of public transport for a certain period and are usually cheaper than buying individual tickets if you plan to make several journeys. In most cities, you can buy tickets at convenience stores, major transit stations and from the bus driver (you’ll need to give the exact amount).


Most public transport in Canada is designed to help people with physical disabilities. Buses, for example, are equipped with wheelchair accessibility and real-time tracking systems, making them user-friendly for all passengers. Additionally, many cities and towns have services specifically for people with limited mobility.

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