While four subspecies of pangolin can be found in Asia, the best chance you have of spotting them is on safari in Africa, but you'll need a lot of luck. That's due in no small part to their reclusive nature, but also because pangolins are estimated to be the single most poached and trafficked species on the planet. Emphasis on 'estimated', because we still know so little about them, which makes it all the more special if you do come across one, walking on its back feet and using its tail as a balancing pole.

Pangolin rolled up

Roll With It

The word pangolin comes from the Malay word 'pengguling' which means 'one who rolls up'. Pangolins roll up into a tight ball so their overlapping armoured scales protect them from predators such as lions, leopards, hyenas and jackals.

Pangolin walking


The formal (technically: binomial) name for the ground pangolin, the only one of the eight pangolin species found in southern and eastern Africa, is Manis temminckii.

Pangolin close up

Geography Field Trip

Pangolins practice geophagy - the swallowing of small stones and gravel - while foraging, in order to aid their digestion.

Pangolin walking

Night Owls

One of the reasons they are so difficult to spot is that pangolins are nocturnal or crepuscular (mostly active at dawn and dusk), though in cooler and drier periods they will sometimes be active during the day, such as during the winter in Tswalu Game Reserve in South Africa.

Pangolin in the grass

Where To See Them

While sightings are never guaranteed, you may be lucky enough to spot a pangolin in Tswalu Game Reserve in the Kalahari in South Africa, and we know the best guides and research specialists in Tswalu to ensure you have the highest chance of seeing one. For keen photographers, we can also organise a pangolin photography safari, to ensure you capture the unforgettable moment perfectly.

"This rare species is at the top of my safari bucket list. Next time I’m in the Kalahari in winter I’m going to spend all week looking for one!"
Matt Shock, Africa Specialist and Former Safari Guide
Pangolin with tongue out
In Numbers


Of their weight is made up by scales



Average length of a pangolin's tongue



Ants and termites they eat per year

When to go

Tswalu Game Reserve
  • Best time to go
  • Decent time to go
  • Not a good time to go
  • No go

On the Map

Matt is our 'Pangolins' expert and as a seasoned traveller has the inside track on the most memorable adventures.